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NEW YORK, USA - 21 Sep 2022

UN warns of 'winter of discontent' as war and climate worsen

The head of the United Nations on Tuesday warned of an upcoming "winter of global discontent" from rising prices, a warming planet and deadly conflicts as world leaders sought ways forward on Ukraine and Iran, according to news agencies.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres opened the summit with an image of a ship carrying grain out of Ukraine, a symbol of successful diplomacy, but he warned of a dire state of the planet.

"A winter of global discontent is on the horizon," Guterres said. "Trust is crumbling, inequalities are exploding, our planet is burning. People are hurting-with the most vulnerable suffering the most."

With global temperatures rising and a chunk of Pakistan the size of the United Kingdom recently under water, Guterres lashed out at fossil fuel companies and the "suicidal war against nature."

"Let's tell it like it is -- Our world is addicted to fossil fuels. It's time for an intervention. We need to hold fossil fuel companies and their enablers to account," Guterres said.

He called on all developed economies to tax profits from fossil fuels and dedicate the funds both to compensate for damage from climate change and to help people struggling with high prices.

"Polluters must pay," Guterres said.

Warnings on Ukraine

Just as leaders huddled at the United Nations about the war in Ukraine, Russian-backed forces announced they were going ahead with a move the West had long warned against -- referendums on annexation by Moscow.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz called the votes, to be conducted in the coming days in Russian-occupied Ukrainian territory, a "sham" that was part of "imperialist aggression" by Moscow.

The war in Ukraine, a major grain producer, has sent global food prices spiralling, hitting developing nations especially hard.

Senegalese President Macky Sall, the current chair of the African Union, urged a "negotiated solution" in Ukraine to "avoid the catastrophic risk of a potentially global conflict."

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has fashioned himself as a mediator and played a key role in arranging the grain shipments, called for an end to the war recognising Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity.

"Together, we need to find a reasonably practical diplomatic solution that will give both sides a dignified way out of the crisis," Erdogan told the General Assembly.

Western leaders led by the United States have made clear they do not want the summit to focus exclusively on the Ukraine war itself, mindful of resentment in the developing world to the billions of dollars sent in weapons.

"The brutality of Russia's war of aggression and its threat to the peace order in Europe have not blinded us to the fact that its dramatic effects are also clearly being felt in many other regions of the world," German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock said.